The time spent now teaching your dog these 3 basic commands will pay off in spades later on when it comes to keeping him safe and well-behaved.
Some examples of these instructions involve “Sit,” “Come Here,” and “Leave It.” These are the most important three commands that all you need to communicate with your dog after they have been housetrained, despite their seeming simplicity. They will provide as a solid foundation upon which to develop in the future.
1. The “Sit” command:
One of the most basic and important commands is “Sit,” which may be used to immediately halt the dog’s movement.
Start by holding a reward in one hand and giving the instruction “Sit” while bringing your other hand over the dog’s head. The dog usually sits when he looks up.
If so, reward him with the goodie and some high praise. If not, repeat the order “Sit” while gently tugging the dog’s collar forward and pushing his rear end down.
Don’t worry about guiding the dog into a sitting position; just give him the treat and lavish him with praise whenever he does it on his own.
You should probably just keep giving this order over and over again and reserve the rest of the training until tomorrow. Keep working on it until your dog obeys the order without prompting. Eventually, after a few days of training, your dog should obey the “Sit” order.
2. “Come here” command:
If you want to keep your dog safe and prevent him from bothering other people, you might consider teaching him the “Come here” command. Having this aspect of training down can prevent your dog from rushing out into traffic.
Positive reinforcement is essential for successful recall training. Create a pleasurable encounter with you by rewarding and praising your pet whenever he or she comes to see you.
If the dog comes when you call him, pet him, give him a wash, clip his nails, etc., but never punish him. The dog will remain near by and return to you frequently whether or not you call him.
A dog’s natural inclination is to go after his owner if he sees him running in the opposite way, much as it is to sit when a reward is put over its head. Consider implementing this strategy throughout recall training sessions.
Dogs, especially puppies, benefit from being praised as they come to you because it teaches hem to associate coming to you with positive outcomes. It’s true that a puppy will be more eager to come to you than an older dog, but it’s also more quickly distracted.
Slowly begin inside, increasing the distance to the next room after he understands the idea. Keep treating him well whenever he visits you.
When he is warm enough, take the training session outside, but make sure to do it in a secured area. Training him more effectively and keeping him safer can be accomplished by using a long dog leash (30 feet long or more).
In the beginning, it is very important to praise your dog whenever he comes when called.
Leash training should begin indoors with a short leash and progress to a longer one outside, giving the dog more freedom to roam.
Make happy sounds and wave the goodie around when you call. In order to encourage your dog to come to you, it is important to vocally reward him. When he reaches you, take the collar and reward him with the goodie and some praise.
Even if you’re never going to feel entirely safe letting your dog run free in an open area, a long, lightweight leash that you can grab quickly in an emergency is a good compromise.
If you’re outdoors and he looks at you without distraction, give him a call and start running in reverse. If he comes rushing to you, praise him and give him a treat.
In particular, avoid calling your dog and punishing him or doing anything he dislikes when you are teaching him. The dog has to understand that coming to you is always a good idea.
If the dog does not come when you call him once, do not call it again. As your dog becomes desensitized to the command, you may need to start over with a new vocal cue.
Not utilizing the call command when the dog is otherwise occupied is a good idea.
Your dog will not be fully in control of this command until he has matured through the puppy stage and is better able to ignore distractions.
3. “Leave it” command:
Although “leave it” is technically a safety order, I’ve had great luck using it in other contexts, such as stopping my Labrador from barking. It’s helpful if you don’t want dog eating on trash or table leftovers.
To train a dog to “leave it,” you simply put a reward in front of them, close enough to attract them but far enough away that you can take it before they do. Say “leave it” and take the goodie away when the dog reaches for it.
When you first say “leave it,” the dog may initially comply, but after a while, it will start to show resistance. You should gradually give your dog more space by stepping backward. Do reward the dog with the goodie when it follows your command.
I was satisfied with having the command followed while I was in the room with the dog. You can take this as far as you like, including training the dog to leave the reward when you are out of the room.
No dog, no matter how much time is spent in training, will always respond. There will be days when your dog responds well to training, and there will be days when they don’t.
In addition, it’s important to not over talk to the dog during training sessions. The best way to catch your dog’s attention is to be quiet until it’s time to issue a command.
Just make sure that training sessions are brief and enjoyable. Incorporate fun into your dog’s training sessions so that he or she views training as an extension of playing.
These three dog traning commands are simple to teach and may be used in a wide variety of scenarios. If used and educated properly, they might be all that’s needed to make your best buddy a permanent member of the household and ensure his safety so you can have him for life.